Non-sexual Routes Of Transmission
Sharing a needle can pass blood directly from one person's bloodstream to another. It is a very efficient way to transmit a blood-borne virus. Hepatitis C can survive for several days in the small amount of blood that remains in a needle after use, they provide a direct path into the bloodstream. Ideally, used needles should never be reused, but if they are, they should always be cleaned with bleach or alcohol before re-use.
Tattooing, Piercing, Acupuncture, Electrolysis, and Shaving
Any procedure in which a needle or razor is used on more than one person involves risk of Hep C transmission because of the possibility of infected blood on the instrument. However, the risk can be reduced or eliminated through routine sterilization procedures.
Since March 1985, all blood in the Canadian Blood Services Supply has been screened for Hep C. This practice has almost eliminated the risk of getting Hepatitis through a blood transfusion.