In the province of Newfoundland and Labrador there are several sexually transmitted infections that get reported to the public health authority. This means that the department of health and community services keeps track of the number of new infections per year.
The disease control and epidemiology section of the provincial health authority can then compile statistics on occurrences of HIV, STIs and Hepatitis C, and can track their prevalence. The numbers do not include people who don't know they have HIV or an STI, nor do they give an indication of people at risk. These statistics only indicate the number of people who have tested positive.
Estimates put the number of people in Canada unaware that they are living with HIV at approximately 20,000 .
Newfoundland's reportable sexually transmitted infections and blood borne pathogens that are recorded for provincial records are:
- Granuloma Inguinale
- Lymphogranuloma Venereum
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis C
- Genital Herpes
Chancroid, Granuloma Inguinale, and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) are currently statistically non-existent in Newfoundland. Syphilis prevalence is extremely low, but making a comeback in larger centers and will likely affect Newfoundland in the future if unprotected sex continues.
Hepatitis B has declined in recent years, possibly due to the option for vaccinations, and Hepatitis C is numerous times more prevalent than HIV. Hepatitis C is statistically equivalent to the prevalence of genital herpes, neither of which can be cured, and high rates of Hepatitis C are a precursor for higher rates of HIV.
Chlamydia is the largest and most prevalent STI in the province, a statistic which is consistent across Canada.