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What is Hep C?:
Hepatitis C (Hep C) is a liver disease caused by the Hepatitis C virus.

Hep C is transmitted (passed from person to person) from blood to blood only. People can get Hepatitis C when blood carrying the virus gets into their bloodstream.
Here are some of the ways Hepatitis C can get inside the body:

  • Using drug equipment that has been used by someone else, such as needles, syringes, filters, cookers, acidifiers, alcohol swabs, tourniquets, water, pipes for smoking crack or crystal meth, and straws for snorting.
  • Re-using tools for activities that break the skin,...

The Issue
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection that was rare in Canada five years ago. However, infection rates are now on the rise. These rising rates are an indication that people are not consistently using safer sex methods.

Syphilis is transmitted through oral, genital or anal sex with an infected person. A pregnant woman with syphilis can pass it on to her unborn child, sometimes causing birth defects or death. Although less common, it can be transmitted through injection drug use or through broken skin on the body.

Cases of syphilis were rare in Canada in...

What is Chlamydia?
Chlamydia is a very common STI that is caused by a bacterium. If detected on time, chlamydia can be cured with antibiotics; however, chlamydia is very serious if left untreated. In women, it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (an infection in the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries) which can cause infertility or tubal pregnancy (pregnancy in the fallopian tubes instead of the uterus). In men, the infection can spread to the testicles or prostate gland and may cause sterility (not being able to father a child).

Some symptoms in women may include:

  • A new or different...

What is Herpes(HPV)?
Genital Herpes is a viral STI that is spread through skin to skin contact with an infected person. There are 2 kinds of herpes viruses that can cause genital herpes: Herpes Simplex 1 and Herpes Simplex 2.

Herpes Simplex 1 is the common cold sore that is often found around your mouth but it can be spread to the genitals through oral sex. Herpes Simplex 2 is more commonly found on the genitals but it can be spread to the mouth through oral sex. The virus can also be passed from mother to baby during childbirth, especially if you have an outbreak during the time of...

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  1. Key Facts
  2. How is Hepatitis C spread
  3. Diagnosis
  4. Testing
  5. Prevention

Key facts
Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the Hepatitis C virus.  It is among the most common viruses that infect the liver. People can get Hepatitis C when blood of a person carrying the virus gets into their bloodstream.  Once inside, it infects the liver and causes damage to this very important organ.  The more damage there is, the harder it is for the liver to do its job and people can become very sick.  The disease can range in severity from a mild illness...

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  1. What is HIV/AIDS
  2. Stages of HIV infection
  3. Treatment
  4. PEP
  5. HIV Transmission
  6. HIV Prevention
  7. HIV antibody tests
  8. Test sites

What is HIV/AIDS?

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Once in the body, HIV attacks the immune system, gradually weakening it until it can no longer defend the body against certain illnesses, infections and diseases.
AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. AIDS is the advanced stage of HIV infection.
There is no cure or vaccine for HIV or AIDS.

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Stages of HIV Infection
There are four stages of...

To arrange an HIV, Hep C or STBBI education session or training workshop, contact Angelina Butt, Provincial Coordinator HIV services by phone at 579-8656/1-800-563-1575, by email, or through the contact form.

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